440 International Those Were the Days
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April 18

Events - April 18
1775 - At about 10 p.m., three men took to their horses to ride from Boston to Concord, MA to warn the citizens of the approaching British army. The famous poem, "Paul Revere's Ride", by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, glorified the Bostonian as the lone rider. He was, in fact, accompanied by William Dawes and Samuel Prescott. Only Prescott made it all the way to Concord. Revere was nabbed by a British cavalry patrol near Lexington, MA (Dawes and Prescott escaped). We're not sure what happened to Dawes but Revere was released and returned to Lexington -- without his horse. There was lots of running/riding around that night, but suffice to say, when British forces arrived in Lexington, they found the minutemen waiting for them.

1796 - "The Archers", the first opera written by an American composer, was performed in New York City. Benjamin Carr wrote the work.

1846 - The telegraph ticker (“....- ....- -----”) was patented by R.E. House of New York City. What does the telegraph message above say? “440”.

1877 - Charles Cros wrote a paper that described the process of recording and reproducing sound. In France, Mr. Cros is still regarded as the inventor of the phonograph, while in the U.S., Thomas Edison gets the credit.

1895 - New York State passed an act that established free public baths! They were to be open 14 hours a day and provide hot and cold water.

1906 - The Great San Francisco Earthquake occurred at 5:12 a.m. The tremendous earthquake was responsible for some 3,000 deaths and catastrophic damage. There were many fires that followed the quake and they took days -- even weeks -- to contain. Survivors of the earthquake gathered annually for memorial services beginning at the moment the predawn temblor struck and became history.

1910 - Walter R. Brookins made the first airplane flight at night. He passed over Montgomery, AL. At least he was pretty sure it was Montgomery...

1923 - Yankee Stadium opened in the Bronx, NY as the hometown team, the NY Yankees, hosted the Boston Red Sox. A record crowd of 74,000 fans saw the action at the first three-level stadium in the U.S.

1929 - Red Nichols and his Five Pennies recorded the Glenn Miller arrangement of "Indiana" for Brunswick Records. Benny Goodman, Gene Krupa and Jack Teagarden were all part of the recording session that took place in New York City.

1934 - The first laundromat opened -- in Fort Worth, TX. For the first time, folks could rent washing machines for laundering clothes. Eventually progress made it possible to rent dryers, too!

1945 - It was on Ie Shima, a small island off Okinawa, that Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Ernie Pyle’s career came to an end. Worrying more about his Army buddies than himself, he didn’t take cover but turned to ask if they were OK while under Japanese sniper fire. He took a bullet in the left temple. A memorial on the site where Ernest T. Pyle was killed reads, "At this spot the 77th Infantry Division lost a buddy. Ernie Pyle 18 April 1945". Once buried there, his remains now lie at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Punchbowl Crater on Oahu, Hawaii. Pyle was awarded the Purple Heart posthumously.

1956 - Eddie Rommel, a baseball umpire, wore eyeglasses, a first for the game. This game was between the NY Yankees and Washington Senators.

1957 - Comedian Johnny Carson turned briefly to TV acting in a role on the "Playhouse 90" production of "Three Men on a Horse" on CBS-TV. Carson, of "Who Do You Trust?" fame, was five years from becoming the host of "The Tonight Show".

1960 - The Mutual Broadcasting System was sold to the 3M Company of Minnesota for $1.25 million. Previously, the network had been owned by MONY (Mutual of New York).

1965 - Contralto Marian Anderson ended her 30-year singing career with a concert at Carnegie Hall in New York City.

1966 - Bob Hope did it again after six years! He both hosted and received an award at the 38th Annual Academy Awards celebration at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium in Los Angeles. This time he received a gold medal, the Honorary Award for unique and distinguished service to the film industry and the Academy. Other award recipients included Shelley Winters for her Best Supporting Actress role in "A Patch of Blue"; Martin Balsam, Best Supporting Actor for his performance in "A Thousand Clowns". The Best Actor Oscar went to Lee Marvin ("Cat Ballou"); and Julie Christie picked up the Best Actress Oscar ("Darling"). The Oscar for the Best Music/Song from a 1965 movie was "The Shadow of Your Smile" from "The Sandpiper" (Johnny Mandel-music, Paul Francis Webster-lyrics). It’s a good thing that the "Oscars" were being broadcast in color this night (the first time) because the Best Director and Best Picture winner was "The Sound of Music" (Robert Wise, producer and director). We don’t think the hills wouldn’t look very alive in black and white.

1981 - Tom Seaver of the Cincinnati Reds became the fifth pitcher in the history of major-league baseball to earn 3,000 strikeouts in a career. Seaver struck out Keith Hernandez for the historic ‘K’. The Cardinals, however, beat Tom Terrific, 10-4.

1984 - Michael Jackson faced surgery in Los Angeles. Doctors performed scalp surgery to repair damage done after the megastar’s hair caught fire during the filming of a Pepsi commercial on January 27. Jackson was hospitalized and recuperated for months before he could return to work. His single recording of "Thriller" had been certified platinum in February, 1984.

1985 - The sequined ‘King of Show Business’, Liberace, broke his own record for ticket sales at Radio City Music Hall. Liberace grossed more than $2,000,000 for his engagement in the historic New York City venue. His previous record was set in 1984 ($1.6 million in tickets sold).

1987 - Aretha Franklin set the record for longest gap between #1 U.S. singles. The span of time from "Respect" (June 1967) to "I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)" was 19 years, ten months.

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Birthdays - April 18
1857 - Clarence Darrow (attorney: famous Scopes ‘monkey trial’; died Mar 13, 1938)

1880 - Sam (Samuel Earl) Crawford (‘Wahoo Sam’: Baseball Hall of Famer: Cincinnati Reds, Detroit Tigers [all-star: 1907, 1908, 1909]; holds individual career record of 312 triples; died June 15, 1968)

1882 - Leopold Stokowski (conductor: Philadelphia Orchestra; died Sep 13, 1977)

1918 - Tony Mottola (guitarist: played with Al Caiola, George Hall’s orchestra, CBS radio studio orchestra, worked w/Raymond Scott backing up young Frank Sinatra and Perry Como, arranger for Como’s TV variety show; composer: films: Running on Empty, Violated; died Aug 9, 2004)

1922 - Barbara Hale (actress: Perry Mason, The Oklahoman, The Defense Never Rests, Airport; died Feb 26, 2017)

1930 - Clive Revill (actor: The Sea Wolf, The Empire Strikes Back, The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes)

1936 - Don Ohl (basketball: Detroit Pistons, Baltimore Bullets, Atlanta Hawks)

1937 - Robert Hooks (actor: Star Trek III: The Search for Spock, A Woman Called Moses, Heat Wave, The Execution, Passenger 57, Day of Absence, Where’s Daddy?)

1938 - Hal Galper (jazz pianist: group: Hal Galper Quintet; played with Cannonball Adderley, Donald Byrd, Stan Getz, Chuck Mangione, Joe Henderson; author: The Touring Musician)

1938 - Richie Pettibone (football: Washington Redskins; coach: Oregon State University)

1941 - Walt Sweeney (football: Syracuse Univ; NFL: San Diego Chargers; died Feb 2, 2013)

1941 - Mike Vickers (musician: guitar, reeds: group: Manfred Mann: Why Should We Not, Cock-A-Hoop, 5-4-3-2-1, Do Wah Diddy Diddy, Oh No Not My Baby, If You Gotta Go, Go Now, Just like a Woman, The Mighty Quinn, Pretty Flamingo, Semi-Detached Suburban Mr. James, The One in the Middle)

1942 - Steve Blass (baseball: pitcher: Pittsburgh Pirates [World Series: 1971/all-star: 1972])

1942 - Pete Gogolak (football: first soccer-style kicker in pro football: Buffalo Bills, NY Giants)

1942 - Jochen Rindt (auto racer: Grand Prix champ: U.S. [1969], Monaco GP, Dutch, French, British, German [1970]; killed Sep 5, 1970 during practice for Italian Grand Prix)

1946 - Hayley Mills (actress: The Parent Trap, The Moon Spinners, Pollyanna; singer: Let’s Get Together)

1946 - Alexander ‘Skip’ Spence (musician: drummer: Jefferson Airplane; guitar, singer: group: Moby Grape; died Apr 16, 1999)

1947 - Dorothy Lyman (actress: All My Children, Mama’s Family, Camp Cucamonga: How I Spent My Summer Vacation, Ruby in Paradise)

1947 - James Woods (actor: The Onion Field, Holocaust, The Way We Were, Night Moves, Against All Odds, Salvador, Casino, Nixon)

1953 - Rick Moranis (actor: Little Giants, The Flintstones, My Blue Heaven, Parenthood, Honey I Shrunk the Kids series, Ghostbusters series, Spaceballs, Little Shop of Horrors, Brewster’s Millions, SCTV; writer: Strange Brew)

1956 - John James (actor: Search for Tomorrow, Dynasty, As the World Turns; son of WABC personality Herb Oscar Anderson)

1956 - Eric Roberts (actor: Doctor Who, The Hard Truth, Fugitive Among Us, A Family Matter, Descending Angel, To Heal a Nation, The Pope of Greenwich Village, The Coca-Cola Kid, Star 80, Raggedy Man, King of the Gypsies; brother of actress Julia Roberts)

1961 - Jane Leeves (actress: Frasier, Throb, Miracle on 34th Street, Mr. Write)

1963 - Conan O’Brien (TV talk show host: Late Night with Conan O’Brien; Emmy Award-winning writer: Saturday Night Live [1989]; The Simpsons; producer: Lockwell; comedian: Not Necessarily the News)

1976 - Melissa Joan Hart (actress: Clarissa Explains It All, Twisted Desire, Sabrina the Teenage Witch)

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Chart Toppers - April 18
1948
Now is the Hour - Bing Crosby
I’m Looking Over a Four Leaf Clover - The Art Moonie Orchestra
But Beautiful - Frank Sinatra
Anytime - Eddy Arnold

1956
Heartbreak Hotel/I Was the One - Elvis Presley
The Poor People of Paris - Les Baxter
Long Tall Sally - Little Richard
Blue Suede Shoes - Carl Perkins

1964
Can’t Buy Me Love - The Beatles
Twist and Shout - The Beatles
Suspicion - Terry Stafford
Understand Your Man - Johnny Cash

1972
The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face - Roberta Flack
I Gotcha - Joe Tex
Rockin’ Robin - Michael Jackson
My Hang-Up is You - Freddie Hart

1980
Another Brick in the Wall - Pink Floyd
Call Me - Blondie
Ride like the Wind - Christopher Cross
Honky Tonk Blues - Charley Pride

1988
Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car - Billy Ocean
Devil Inside - INXS
Where Do Broken Hearts Go - Whitney Houston
I Wanna Dance with You - Eddie Rabbitt

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...


Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440int.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams


Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
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