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April 28

Events - April 28
1788 - Maryland was one of the first of the United States of America, entering the Union as number seven on this day. It was named in honor of England’s Charles I’s queen, Henrietta Maria. Maryland’s capital city, Annapolis, is famous as the home of the U.S. Naval Academy. Maryland, the Free State or Old Line State, calls the black-eyed Susan its state flower, and the Baltimore Orioles are the ... yes, the state’s baseball team ... but also, the state bird/s. Using this same reasoning, you’d think that baseball would be the state sport. Silly us. Maryland’s state sport is jousting. Yeah ... and several other Maryland’s state symbols are equally puzzling: state folk dance: square dancing, state boat: skipjack. State boat? Other more reasonable Maryland symbols include: dog - Chesapeake Bay retriever; fish - rockfish; crustacean - Maryland blue crab; tree - white oak; insect - Baltimore checkerspot butterfly. "Maryland, My Maryland" is the official state song. Its state motto: Fatti maschii, parole femine. In English: Manly deeds, womanly words.

1789 - There truly was mutiny on the "Bounty". A rebel crew took over the British ship and set sail to Pitcairn Island. A popular book about the event has been passed down generation to generation as one of the classic works of literature.

1896 - The Addressograph was patented by J.S. Duncan of Sioux City, IA.

1926 - American League baseball owners agreed to have home plate umpires carry resin on the field for the benefit of pitchers with sweaty hands. However, it was mandated that pitchers were not to ask for the sticky powder. This scheme was scrapped when someone, possibly a disgruntled pitcher, came up with the idea of putting resin in absorbent bags to be left in the area of the pitching mound and used by the pitcher as needed.

1932 - A vaccine against yellow fever was announced this day.

1937 - The first animated-cartoon electric sign was displayed on a building on Broadway in New York City. The sign was the creation of Douglas Leigh. It consisted of several thousand light bulbs and presented a four-minute show that featured a cavorting horse and ball-tossing cats.

1939 - Imagine a car that sold for $325, was 10-feet long, had an 80-inch wheelbase and a four-gallon gas tank. We just described the Crosley which was offered for sale in the U.S. for the first time. The Crosley became fairly popular -- but wouldn't survive. Once the war effort got underway, auto manufacturing was cut back for defense needs. After World War II, people wanted luxury and size in their automobiles; considered better for family needs. The little Crosley fought an uphill battle and was replaced less than 15 years later by the popular German Volkswagen Bug.

1940 - "Pennsylvania 6-5000", the classic Glenn Miller signature song, was recorded on Bluebird Records. Looking at the original label on the old 78-RPM disk, we find record number 10754, in fact.

1947 - Explorer Thor Heyerdahl set sail from the Peruvian coast in the 45-foot "Kon Tiki". The 4,300-mile voyage concluded 101 days later. Heyerdahl wrote a popular book about the ordeal called -- you guessed it -- "Kon Tiki".

1957 - One of TV’s most respected personalities was seen for the first time coast to coast. Mike Wallace was the host of "The Mike Wallace Interview", a Sunday night program that featured the grilling of greats, including Gloria Swanson, Steve Allen and stripper, Lili St. Cyr.

1959 - The TV program, "Hallmark Hall of Fame", featured one of the best TV dramas on the air, according to critics. Eugene O’Neil’s "Ah, Wilderness" starred a who’s who of American performers including Lloyd Nolan, Helen Hayes, Burgess Meredith and Betty Field.

1959 - Arthur Godfrey was seen for the last time in the final telecast of "Arthur Godfrey and His Friends" on CBS-TV. The show had been a part of the CBS lineup for 10 years. We remember the Little Godfreys: Tony Marvin (announcer), singers Carmel Quinn, Lou Ann Sims, Frank Parker, Janette Davis, Marion Marlowe and Julius LaRosa. “Howaya, Howaya, Howaya.”

1961 - Warren Spahn pitched his second no-hit game for the Milwaukee Braves. He beat the San Francisco Giants 1-0. Not bad for a guy who was 41 years old at the time.

1962 - The fourth American runner to break the four-minute mile was Jim Grelle. He broke the mark at 3 minutes, 59.9 seconds in Walnut Creek, CA. Talk about cutting it close...

1967 - Muhammad Ali, the former Cassius Clay, refused induction into the U.S. Army. Critics and supporters spent years discussing the boxing champ’s refusal to serve in the armed forces. In fact, Ali’s world heavyweight crown was later taken away from him as a result of his actions, which he said were based on religious grounds.

1985 - The little town of Parker, TX, not far from Dallas, reported a 2-to-1 edge in the ratio of tourists to residents. Some of the good citizens of the town of just over 1,000 residents were not pleased, either. Some 2,100 tourists each day converged on the town to visit Southfork Ranch, the home of the Ewing family of the CBS-TV hit, "Dallas".

1988 - Aloha Airlines Flight 243 (a Boeing 737), from Hilo to Honolulu, landed safely after fatigue cracking caused the top portion of the fuselage to peel away. All on board survived except for a flight attendant who was sucked out of the plane and lost at sea. Scores of passengers and crew were injured. Yet the pilot managed to land the crippled jet on the island of Maui.

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Birthdays - April 28
1758 - James Monroe (5th U.S. President [1817-1825]; married to Elizabeth Kortright [one son, two daughters]; nickname: The Last Cocked Hat; died July 4, 1831)

1871 - Louise Homer (opera singer: contralto: NY Metropolitan Opera House [1900-1919]; died May 6, 1947)

1874 - Sidney Toler (actor: Charlie Chan at the Wax Museum, Charlie Chan in Rio, The Jade Mask, The Scarlet Clue, The Shanghai Cobra, Terror by Night, Meeting at Midnight; died Feb 12, 1947)

1878 - Lionel Barrymore (Blythe) (Academy Award-winning actor: A Free Soul [1930-31]; Camille, Captains Courageous, Duel in the Sun, It’s a Wonderful Life, Key Largo, The Little Colonel; died Nov 15, 1954)

1902 - Red (Charles Frederick) Lucas (‘The Nashville Narcissus’: baseball: pitcher: NY Giants, Boston Braves, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates; died July 9, 1986)

1917 - Robert Anderson (playwright: Tea and Sympathy, Sand Pebbles, I Never Sang for My Father, The Nun’s Story; died Feb 9, 2009)

1926 - Blossom Dearie (singer: group: Blue Stars: French version of Lullaby in Birdland; own record label: Daffodil Records; died Feb 7, 2009)

1926 - (Nelle) Harper Lee (author: To Kill a Mockingbird; died Feb 19, 2016)

1929 - Carolyn Jones (actress: The Tender Trap, The Seven Year Itch, Marjorie Morningstar, King Creole, Invasion of the Body Snatchers, House of Wax, How the West was Won, The Addams Family; died Aug 3, 1983)

1934 - Jackie (John George) Brandt (baseball: NY Giants, SL Cardinals, SF Giants, Baltimore Orioles [all-star: 1961], Philadelphia Phillies, Houston Astros)

1938 - Madge Sinclair (Emmy Award-winning actress: Gabriel’s Fire [1990-91], Trapper John M.D., Roots, Ohara, Me and the Boys, Grandpa Goes to Washington, A Century of Women, The End of Innocence, Coming to America, Convoy, Conrack; died Dec 20, 1995)

1941 - Ann-Margret (Olsson) (actress: Carnal Knowledge, Tommy, Viva Las Vegas, Grumpy Old Men, Grumpier Old Men, Bye, Bye, Birdie, Scarlett; singer: I Just Don’t Understand)

1945 - John Wolters (musician: drums: group: Dr. Hook; died Jun 16, 1997)

1948 - Marcia Strassman (actress: Welcome Back Kotter, Honey I Shrunk the Kids, Honey I Blew Up the Kids, Another Stakeout; singer; died Oct 24, 2014)

1948 - Pablo (Arnoldo) Torrealba (baseball: pitcher: Atlanta Braves, Oakland Athletics, Chicago White Sox)

1949 - Bruno Kirby (actor: The Basketball Diaries, Fallen Angels 2, City Slickers, When Harry Met Sally, Good Morning, Vietnam, This is Spinal Tap, Birdy, The Godfather, Part 2, The Harrad Experiment, The Super; died Aug 14, 2006)

1950 - Jay Leno (comedian, TV talk show host: The Tonight Show)

1950 - Jim Wiley (hockey: NHL: Pittsburgh Penguins, Vancouver Canucks; head coach: Kansas City Blades, Kentucky Thoroughblades)

1953 - Tony Peters (football: Washington Redskins safety: Super Bowl XVII)

1971 - Chris Young (actor: Falcon Crest, Max Headroom, Married People, Live-In, P.C.U., Deep Down, The Runestone, December, Book of Love, The Great Outdoors)

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Chart Toppers - April 28
1950
If I Knew You Were Comin’ I’d’ve Baked a Cake - Eileen Barton
My Foolish Heart - The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra (vocal: Eileen Wilson)
The Third Man Theme - Alton Karas
Long Gone Lonesome Blues - Hank Williams

1958
Tequila - The Champs
All I Have to Do is Dream - The Everly Brothers
The Witch Doctor - David Seville
Oh Lonesome Me - Don Gibson

1966
(You’re My) Soul and Inspiration - The Righteous Brothers
Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down) - Cher
Secret Agent Man - Johnny Rivers
I Want to Go with You - Eddy Arnold

1974
TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia) - MFSB featuring The Three Degrees
Best Thing that Ever Happened to Me - Gladys Knight & The Pips
The Loco-Motion - Grand Funk
Hello Love - Hank Snow

1982
I Love Rock ’N Roll - Joan Jett & The Blackhearts
We Got the Beat - Go-Go’s
Chariots of Fire - Titles - Vangelis
Crying My Heart Out Over You - Ricky Skaggs

1990
Nothing Compares 2 U - Sinead O’Connor
I Wanna Be Rich - Calloway
How Can We Be Lovers - Michael Bolton
Love on Arrival - Dan Seals

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...


Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440int.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams


Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
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