440 International Those Were the Days
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July 1

Events - July 1
1847 - The first adhesive postage stamps went on sale. Ben Franklin graced the nickel stamp while George Washington was pictured on the ten-cent stamp. The cost of mailing a one-ounce letter was 5 cents. That’s more than it cost one hundred years later.

1859 - The first intercollegiate baseball game was played -- in Pittsfield, Massachusetts. The fans in the stands certainly got their money’s worth. Amherst defeated Williams College by the score of 73-32! Neither pitcher, incidentally, was awarded Player of the Game honors.

1862 - To help pay for the Civil War, the U.S. Congress established the Bureau of Internal Revenue on this day. President Abraham Lincoln signed the bill into law, making it possible for the feds to collect a three percent tax on incomes ranging from $600 to $10,000, and five percent on incomes over $10,000.

1863 - One of the most crucial battles of the Civil War (between the States) began. Confederate General Robert E. Lee led his troops on an invasion of the North. Union General George Meade defeated the Southern forces at the Battle of Gettysburg.

1867 - This is the day the Confederation of Upper and Lower Canada and the Maritime Provinces became the Dominion of Canada. This Canadian national holiday is known as Canada Day, formerly Dominion Day.

1874 - The first zoo in the United States opened in Philadelphia, PA. Over 3,000 visitors paid 25 cents (adults) or 10 cents (children) to see the 1,000 animals housed in the Philadelphia Zoological Society zoo.

1897 - Three years after the first issue of "Billboard Advertising" was published, the publication was renamed, "The Billboard". The monthly magazine became a weekly many years later.

1916 - Dwight David Eisenhower married Mamie Geneva Doud. It was the same day that Ike was promoted to first lieutenant in the U.S. Army. Quite a day for the future U.S. President and his new bride.

1934 - The Federal Communications Commission, as mandated in the "Communications Act of 1934", replaced the Federal Radio Commission as the regulator of broadcasting in the United States.

1935 - Benny Goodman and his band recorded the "King Porter Stomp" for Victor Records. Many people considered this Goodman classic the beginning of the swing era.

1941 - Bulova Watch company sponsored the first TV commercial. Remember “It’s Bulova Watch Time?” It was broadcast over WNBT-TV in New York City, and was a familiar advertising message on TV, radio and in print for many years. That first TV ad, incidentally, cost the watchmaker $9.

1948 - The 5-cent subway ride came to an end in New York City. The price doubled to a dime this day.

1951 - Bob Feller set a baseball record as he pitched his third no-hitter for the Cleveland Indians.

1956 - Elvis Presley got an invitation from Steve Allen to appear on "The Tonight Show". Although Elvis showed up in formal wear, the penguin suit didn’t hamper his ability to sing "Hound Dog" to a sad-eyed basset hound. It looked a little strange, however...

1963 - Birthday greetings go out to Mr. Zip of the United States Post Office. He’s the familiar character seen on the sides of mailboxes and on posters. Mr. Zip was introduced to help educate people to use the 5-digit ZIP (Zone Improvement Program) code. Mr. Zip now has new members of the family. There are four digits after the original five, to get that mail to you even faster. No matter what you call it it’s still snail mail to us.

1967 - Scott McKenzie scored his first hit with the single, "San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)". The song became an anthem for the Love Generation and the young people of flower power. McKenzie also co-wrote a hit for the Beach Boys in 1988, called "Kokomo". Just so that you know, he was born Philip Blondheim in Jacksonville, FL. Phil thought the name Scott McKenzie was better for a music biz career. His songs, "San Francisco" and "Like an Old Time Movie", were written and produced by John Phillips of The Mamas and The Papas.

1973 - Golfer Bruce Crampton tied for fourth place in the Western Open golf tournament, bringing his career earnings to over a million dollars. Crampton became the first non-American golfer to reach that mark. He became the fifth golfer to make over a million dollars in career earnings. The others were Arnie Palmer, Billy Casper, Jack Nicklaus and Lee Trevino.

1979 - Susan B. Anthony, an activist for the cause of women’s suffrage, was commemorated on a U.S. coin, the Susan B. Anthony Dollar. The coin, roughly the size of a quarter, was confused by many with the quarter and the U.S. Treasury Department eventually stopped producing the Susan B. Anthony dollar.

1981 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that candidates for federal office had an “affirmative right” to go on national television. The ruling limited a TV network’s right to determine when political campaigns begin and who may buy time.

1985 - Robin Yount of the Milwaukee Brewers got hit #1,800 of his career, leading the ‘Brew Crew’ past the Boston Red Sox 5-1.

1991 - Court TV was born. The cable TV network broadcasts entire trials, both famous and low profile. It was a unique addition to the already changing climate of TV information/entertainment.

1994 - For 33 years, Yasser Arafat was regarded by Israelis as a terrorist and sworn enemy of the State of Israel, never to be permitted on Israeli soil. The leader of the Palestinian Liberation Organization visited the Gaza Strip this day, the result of a signed agreement between Israel and the PLO. The treaty gave the PLO ruling power over the territory and the city of Jericho.

1995 - Wolfman Jack collapsed and died of a heart attack at his home in Belvidere, in northeastern North Carolina. He had just returned from a whirlwind tour promoting his autobiography "Have Mercy!: Confessions of the Original Rock ’n’ Roll Animal". Fans first learned to love the Wolfman in 1963 on 250,000-watt XERF (Del Rio TX - Ciudad Acuna, Mexico), heard all over North America. You may also remember him as, that's right, Wolfman Jack, in the 1973 movie "American Graffiti". And he's the same Wolfman The Guess Who sings about in their 1974 hit "Clap for the Wolfman".

1998 - Singer/actress/diva Barbra Streisand and actor/director James Brolin were married at her Malibu, California home. It was her second marriage (she was previously married to actor Elliot Gould) and his third (he was married to casting agent Jane Agee and actress Jan Smithers). The couple honeymooned on a boat in the nearby Channel Islands off the Santa Barbara coast.

1998 - "Armageddon" opened in U.S. theatres. The plot: Asteroid on collision course with Earth; must knock it off course; have to drill into surface and detonate nuclear weapon; will use expert oil drillers for the job; Harry S. Stamper (Bruce Willis) is leader of team including: Rockhound (Steve Buscemi), Charles ‘Chick’ Chapple (Will Patton), Jayotis ‘Bear’ Kurleenbear (Michael Duncan), A.J. Frost (Ben Affleck), Oscar Choi (Owen Wilson). Running time: 2 hours and 24 minutes; seems a lot longer. Gross: $36.09 million opening weekend.

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Birthdays - July 1
1804 - George Sand (Amandine Aurore Lucile Dudevant) (author; one of the first liberated women; died June 8, 1876)

1872 - Louis Bleriot (aviator: 1st man to fly an airplane across the English Channel [1909]; died Aug 2, 1936)

1899 - Thomas A. (Andrew) Dorsey (‘Father of Gospel Music’: musician: pianist; blues composer; gospel music composer: composed over 1,000 gospel songs; died Jan 23, 1993)

1899 - Charles Laughton (Academy Award-winning actor: The Private Life of Henry VIII [1933]; Mutiny on the Bounty, Witness for the Prosecution, Advise and Consent, Les Misérables, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, Captain Kidd, The Man on the Eiffel Tower, Spartacus; husband of actress Elsa Lanchester; died Dec 15, 1962)

1902 - Myron Cohen (comedian, entertainer, actor: When Nature Calls; died Mar 10, 1986)

1902 - William Wyler (director: Funny Girl, Ben Hur, The Big Country, Friendly Persuasion, Roman Holiday, Carrie, Wuthering Heights; died July 27, 1981)

1908 - Estée Lauder (cosmetics mogul; died Apr 24, 2004)

1915 - Willie Dixon (blues musician: bass: Big Three Trio; songwriter, producer: 1950s Chicago sound; died Jan 29, 1992)

1916 - Olivia de Havilland (Academy Award-winning actress: To Each His Own [1946], The Heiress [1949]; Gone with the Wind; sister of actress, Joan Fontaine)

1925 - Farley Granger (actor: Very Close Quarters, Night Flight from Moscow, The Purple Heart, The Robe, Arnold; died Mar 27, 2011)

1928 - Bobby Day (Byrd) (singer: Rockin’ Robin; groups: Hollywood Flames, Bob & Earl; died July 27, 1990)

1931 - Leslie Caron (actress: Lili, The L-Shaped Room, Gigi, An American in Paris, Father Goose, Daddy Long Legs)

1934 - Claude Berri (Langmann) (actor, director: Le Sex Shop, Marry Me, Marry Me, director: Germinal, Uranus, Manon of the Spring, Jean de Florette, Tchao Pantin, I Love All of You, One Wild Moment, The Two of Us; died Jan 12, 2009)

1934 - Jamie Farr (Jameel Joseph Farah) (actor: M*A*S*H, The Blackboard Jungle, Scrooged, Cannonball Run, With Six You Get Egg Roll)

1934 - Jean Marsh (actress: Upstairs, Downstairs, The Jewel in the Crown, Fatherland, Frenzy, The Changeling)

1934 - Sydney Pollack (director: The Firm, Out of Africa, Tootsie, Absence of Malice, They Shoot Horses Don’t They, Three Days of the Condor, The Way We Were; died May 26, 2008)

1936 - Wally Amos Jr. (entrepreneur: originated Famous Amos chocolate chip cookies, [sold name], now runs Chip & Cookie, Kailua, Hawaii [w/wife Christine Harris-Amos])

1939 - Karen Black (actress: Easy Rider, You’re a Big Boy Now, Five Easy Pieces, The Great Gatsby, House of 1000 Corpses; died Aug 8, 2013)

1939 - Delaney Bramlett (musician: guitar, singer: duo: Delaney & Bonnie: Never Ending Song of Love, Only You Know and I Know, LP: Delaney and Friends: Class Reunion, To Delaney from Bonnie, Accept No Substitute: The Original Delaney and Bonnie; TV performer: Shindig; died Dec 27, 2008)

1939 - Frank Parker (actor: The Concorde: Airport ’79, General Hospital, Days of Our Lives)

1941 - Rod Gilbert (NHL Hall-of-Famer: NY Rangers all-time scoring leader; eight-time NHL All-Star; Patrick Trophy [1991]; Masterton Trophy [1975-76])

1942 - Geneviève Bujold (actress: Anne of a Thousand Days, Coma, Dead Ringers)

1945 - Debbie (Deborah Ann) Harry (singer: group: Blondie: The Tide is High, Rapture, Heart of Glass, Call Me)

1947 - Harold McLinton (football: Washington Redskins linebacker: Super Bowl VII)

1951 - Fred Schneider (musician: keyboards, singer: groups: Shake Society, The B-52’s: Rock Lobster, Quiche Lorraine, 606 0842, Dance This Mess Around)

1952 - Dan Aykroyd (comedian, actor: Driving Miss Daisy, Sneakers, Coneheads, Saturday Night Live, Dragnet, Ghostbusters, The Blues Brothers, Pearl Harbor)

1953 - Pat Donovan (football: Dallas Cowboys tackle: Super Bowl X, XII, XIII)

1956 - Lorna Patterson (actress: Goodtime Girls, Airplane!, Private Benjamin [TV])

1961 - Carl Lewis (Olympic Gold Medalist: long jump [1996], long jump and 4x100 relay [1992], 100 meter in 9.93 seconds, a world record, long jump, 4x100 meter relay [1988], 100 meter & 200 meter sprints, long jump & 4x100 meter relay [1984]; Olympic Hall of Famer; AP Male Athlete of the Year [1983, 1984])

1961 - Princess Diana (Spencer) (Princess of Wales; killed in car crash in Paris, France, August 31, 1997)

1963 - Roddy Bottum (musician: keyboards: group: Faith No More)

1967 - Pamela Anderson (actress: Baywatch, Raw Justice, Playboy’s Babes of Baywatch, Pam & Tommy Lee: Stolen Honeymoon, Cribs)

1970 - Henry Simmons (actor: NYPD Blue, Another World, One Life to Live, A Gentleman’s Game)

1972 - Claire Forlani (actress: J.F.K.: Reckless Youth, Police Academy: Mission to Moscow, The Rock, The Last Time I Committed Suicide, Meet Joe Black, AntiTrust)

1977 - Liv Tyler (model, actress: Silent Fall, Heavy, That Thing You Do!, Armageddon, Cookie’s Fortune, Lord of the Rings series)

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Chart Toppers - July 1
1950
Bewitched - The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra (vocal: Mary Lou Williams)
My Foolish Heart - The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra (vocal: Eileen Wilson)
I Wanna Be Loved - The Andrews Sisters
Why Don’t You Love Me - Hank Williams

1958
Hard Headed Woman - Elvis Presley
Yakety Yak - The Coasters
Patricia - Perez Prado
Guess Things Happen that Way - Johnny Cash

1966
Paperback Writer - The Beatles
Strangers in the Night - Frank Sinatra
Red Rubber Ball - The Cyrkle
Take Good Care of Her - Sonny James

1974
Sundown - Gordon Lightfoot
Be Thankful for What You Got - William DeVaughn
If You Love Me (Let Me Know) - Olivia Newton-John
Room Full of Roses - Mickey Gilley

1982
Ebony and Ivory - Paul McCartney with Stevie Wonder
Don’t You Want Me - The Human League
Rosanna - Toto
Slow Hand - Conway Twitty

1990
Step By Step - New Kids on the Block
Do You Remember? - Phil Collins
I’ll Be Your Shelter - Taylor Dayne
Love Without End, Amen - George Strait

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they‘d never end...


Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440int.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams


Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
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