Events - June 1
1638 - An earthquake was reported in the unlikely locale of Plymouth, MA.
1792 - Kentucky entered the United States of America as the 15th state. Since its name is an American Indian word for "great meadow", it is fitting that Kentucky’s nickname is the Bluegrass State, and its flower is the goldenrod. The official state bird is the cardinal. The capital of Kentucky is the city of Frankfort.
1796 - Tennessee joined the United States of America on this day. Long before it officially became the 16th state, Tennessee had already begun to earn its nickname, the Volunteer State, as it sent large numbers of volunteers to fight in the American Revolution. The tradition continued for the War of 1812, the Mexican War and the Civil War. The country-music capital of the world, Nashville, is also the governmental capital of Tennessee. The state’s official flower is the iris, its bird, the mockingbird.
1831 - Sir James Clark Ross, an English navigator and explorer, discovered the magnetic North Pole while on his Arctic exploration.
1869 - Thomas Edison of Boston, MA received a patent for his electric voting machine. Ol’ Tom would soon have a filing cabinet full of patents.
1925 - Lou Gehrig of the New York Yankees played the first of what would become 2,130 consecutive baseball games (Gehrig played in every Yankee game until May 2, 1939), setting a major-league record not to be broken until Cal Ripken, Jr. of Baltimore did so in the summer of 1995. Gehrig wasn’t even a starter on this day. He was inserted in the lineup for Wally Pipp.
1936 - The "Lux Radio Theater" moved from New York City to Hollywood. Cecil B. DeMille, the program’s host on the NBC Blue network, introduced Clark Gable and Marlene Dietrich in "The Legionnaire and the Lady".
1938 - The first issue of "Action Comics" was published. In its pages was the world's first super hero, Superman. Jerry Siegel had a dream about the baby, Moses, who was abandoned by his parents in order that his life be saved. This dream prompted Siegel's creation of the ‘Man of Steel’. Artist Joe Shuster made the comic book hero come alive. The first story, in this first issue, took place on the planet, Krypton, where baby Kal-El was born. The infant was shot to Earth in a rocket just before Krypton exploded.
1957 - The first American to break the four-minute mile was Don Bowden, who was timed at 3 minutes, 58.7 seconds.
1959 - Celebrating a solid year at the top of the album charts was "Johnny’s Greatest Hits" on Columbia Records. The LP stayed for several more years at or near the top of the album charts. It became the all-time album leader at 490 weeks.
1961 - There was a new sound in the air this day. FM multiplex stereo broadcasting was enjoyed for the first time by listeners to FM radio in Schenectady, NY, Los Angeles and Chicago. The FCC adopted the standard a year later.
1967 - The Beatles’ "Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band" was released in the U.K. One of the first critically-acclaimed rock albums, "Sgt. Pepper’s" became the number one album in the world and was at the top of the U.S. album list for 15 weeks. (See June 2 TWtD for more on "Sgt. Pepper’s".)
1975 - Nolan Ryan of the California Angels tied the no-hit record in major-league baseball. Ryan tossed his fourth career no-hitter with a 1-0 win over the Baltimore Orioles. The future Hall of Famer told reporters, “Gee, and to think I did this exactly five years after Al Kaline swallowed his tongue in the outfield in Detroit. Skeiciw adkehhf gdvrb ewix ke. I love this game!”
1987 - Knuckleballer Phil Niekro won game number 314 by leading the Cleveland Indians to a 9-6 win over the Detroit Tigers. The victory also brought Phil and his brother, Joe, to a total of 531 career wins, breaking the record set by the Perry brothers.
1991 - Former Temptations lead singer David Ruffin died in Philadelphia of a cocaine overdose at age 50. He was the lead singer on such Temptations hits as "My Girl" (1965) and "Ain’t Too Proud to Beg" (1966). Ruffin had hits on his own with "My Whole World Ended (The Moment You Left Me)" (1969) and "Walk Away from Love" (1976).
Birthdays - June 1
1796 - Sadi Nicolas Léonard Carnot (physicist: pioneer in thermodynamics: discovered the 2nd law of thermodynamics; died Aug 24, 1832)
1801 - Brigham Young (Mormon church leader: led thousands across the wilderness to settle in over 300 U.S. western towns; survived by 17 wives and 47 children; died Aug 28, 1877)
1878 - John Masefield (poet: Sea Fever, A Wanderer’s Song, Cargoes, The Wanderer, A Consecration, To-Morrow, Spanish Waters, Christmas Eve At Sea; died May 12, 1967)
1890 - Frank Morgan (Francis Wuppermann) (actor: The Wizard of Oz, The Stratton Story, The Three Musketeers, Tortilla Flat, The White Cliffs of Dover, Naughty Marietta, The Great Ziegfeld, Key to the City; died Sep 18, 1949)
1921 - Nelson Riddle (Grammy Award-winning orchestra leader: Cross Country Suite; Lisbon Antigua; arranger: for Frank Sinatra and Nat King Cole; died Oct 6, 1985)
1922 - (Beatrice) Joan Caulfield (actress: Pony Express Rider, Daring Dobermans, Welcome Stranger, Blue Skies, The Lady Says No; died June 18, 1991)
1925 - Richard Erdman (actor: Tomboy, Stalag 17, Namu, the Killer Whale, Cry Danger; director: Brothers O’Toole)
1926 - Darel Dieringer (auto racer: champ: NASCAR California 500 , Southern 500 ; died Oct 28, 1989)
1926 - Andy Griffith (actor: The Andy Griffith Show, Matlock, A Face in the Crowd, No Time for Sergeants, From Here to Eternity; comedian: comedy record: Make Yourself Comfortable; died Jul 3, 2012)
1926 - Marilyn Monroe (Norma Jean Baker Mortenson) (actress: Gentleman Prefer Blondes, The Seven-Year Itch, Some Like It Hot, Bus Stop, The Asphalt Jungle, Diamonds are a Girl’s Best Friend, The Misfits, Scudda-Hoo!Scudda-Hay!; famous centerfold: Playboy ; died Aug 5, 1962)
1930 - Pat Corley (actor: Bay City Blues, Murphy Brown, Of Mice and Men, Silent Witness; died Sep 11, 2006)
1930 - Edward Woodward (actor: The Equalizer, Code Name Kyril, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Champions, The Final Option, The Appointment, The Wicker Man, ‘Breaker’ Morant; died Nov 16, 2009)
1934 - Pat Boone (Charles Eugene Boone) (singer: Love Letters in the Sand, April Love, Moody River, Ain’t That a Shame, I Almost Lost My Mind, Friendly Persuasion, Don’t Forbid Me, gospel LPs; actor: State Fair, Journey to the Center of the Earth; host: The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom; descendant: frontiersman, Daniel Boone; married to Red Foley’s daughter, Shirley)
1934 - Peter Masterson (Carlos Bee Masterson) (actor: The Exorcist; director: Arctic Blue, Night Game, Full Moon in Blue Water, Blood Red, The Trip to Bountiful; father of actress Mary Stuart Masterson)
1937 - Morgan Freeman (actor: Driving Miss Daisy, Glory, Unforgiven, Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, Queen, Another World, Outbreak, Amistad, Deep Impact; director: Bopha)
1939 - Cleavon (Jake) Little (Tony Award-winning actor: Purlie ; Emmy Award: Dear John [1988-1989]; Blazing Saddles, Vanishing Point, Fletch Lives, Perfect Harmony, Separate But Equal, Murder by Numbers; died Oct 22, 1992)
1940 - Rene Auberjonois (Tony Award-winning actor: Coco ; The Ballad of Little Jo, Gore Vidal’s Billy the Kid, Police Academy 5, Pete ’n’ Tillie, McCabe and Mrs. Miller, Brewster McCloud, Petulia, Benson, M*A*S*H, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine)
1941 - Dean (Wilmer) Chance (baseball: pitcher: LA Angels: Cy Young Award  Oct 11, 2015)
1942 - Randy (Cecil Randolph) Hundley (baseball: catcher: SF Giants, Chicago Cubs [all-star: 1969], Minnesota Twins, SD Padres)
1945 - Linda Scott (singer: I’ve Told Every Little Star, Don’t Bet Money Honey, I Don’t Know Why; TV host: Where the Action Is)
1947 - Jonathan Pryce (Tony Award-winning actor: Miss Saigon , Comedians ; Hamlet, Julius Caesar, Macbeth, Carrington, Barbarians at the Gate, The Age of Innocence, Glengarry Glen Ross, Jumpin’ Jack Flash, Brazil, Breaking Glass)
1947 - Ron Wood (musician: guitarist: group: Rolling Stones [after 1975])
1948 - Powers Boothe (Emmy Award-winning actor: Guyana Tragedy: The Story of Jim Jones ; Skag, Sudden Death, Nixon, Extreme Prejudice, The Emerald Forest, Cruising)
1948 - Tom Sneva (auto racer: Indianapolis 500 winner )
1950 - Graham Russell (singer: group: Air Supply: Lost in Love, All Out of Love, The One that You Love)
1951 - Henry Boucha (hockey: U.S. National Team [1970-71], U.S. Olympic Ice Hockey Team [silver medal: 1972]; NHL: Detroit Red Wings, Minnesota North Stars, Kansas City Scouts, Colorado Rockies)
1953 - Diana Canova (Rivero) (actress: Soap, I’m a Big Girl Now, Throb, Home Free, Night Partners, daughter of actress, Judy Canova)
1953 - Ronnie Dunn (country singer: duo: Brooks & Dunn: LPs: Brand New Man, Hard Workin’ Man, Waitin’ on Sundown, Borderline, If You See Her, Tight Rope, Steers & Stripes; songwriter: Boot Scootin’ Boogie)
1956 - Lisa Hartman (actress: Knots Landing, Tabitha, Bare Essentials, Deadly Blessing, Red Wind, Where the Boys Are)
1959 - Alan Wilder (musician: keyboards, singer: group: Depeche Mode: Shake the Disease, LPs: Black Celebration, Music for the Masses)
1963 - Mike Joyce (musician: drums: group: The Smiths: Hand in Glove, The Charming Man, What Difference Does It Make, Heaven Knows I’m Miserable Now, William, It Was Really Nothing, Reel Around the Fountain, Suffer Little Children, Panic)
1968 - Jason Donovan (singer: popular in Australia & Great Britain; actor: Neighbours, Rough Diamonds, The Sun, the Moon and the Stars; son of actor, Terence Donovan)
Chart Toppers - June 1
Long Ago and Far Away - Helen Forrest & Dick Haymes
I’ll Get By - The Harry James Orchestra (vocal: Dick Haymes)
I’ll Be Seeing You - The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra (vocal: Frank Sinatra)
Straighten Up and Fly Right - King Cole Trio
Kiss of Fire - Georgia Gibbs
Blue Tango - The Leroy Anderson Orchestra
Be Anything - Eddy Howard
The Wild Side of Life - Hank Thompson
Cathy’s Clown - The Everly Brothers
He’ll Have to Stay - Jeanne Black
Paper Roses - Anita Bryant
Please Help Me, I’m Falling - Hank Locklin
Mrs. Robinson - Simon & Garfunkel
The Good, the Bad and the Ugly - Hugo Montenegro
Yummy Yummy Yummy - Ohio Express
Honey - Bobby Goldsboro
Love Hangover - Diana Ross
Get Up and Boogie (That’s Right) - Silver Convention
Misty Blue - Dorthy Moore
One Piece at a Time - Johnny Cash
Let’s Hear It for the Boy - Deniece Williams
Time After Time - Cyndi Lauper
Oh Sherrie - Steve Perry
As Long as I’m Rockin’ with You - John Conlee
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.